Military and diplomatic sources talk to Al-Jazeera Net about the backgrounds of Sudan’s refusal of Kenya’s presidency of IGAD


Khartoum- Against the background of the political and economic relationship described in the document between Kenyan President William Ruto and the commander of the Rapid Support Forces Muhammad Hamdan (Hamidati)And due to official Kenyan positions that were considered a diminution of Sudan’s sovereignty, Khartoum announced – yesterday, Thursday – its rejection of Kenya’s presidency of the Quartet Committee on Resolving the Sudan Crisis (IGAD).

A Sudanese diplomatic source told Al-Jazeera Net that Khartoum’s refusal to lead Kenya to the IGAD mechanism has “procedural and substantive” reasons, as the regular IGAD summit held in Djibouti on June 12 did not discuss the issue of Kenya’s chairmanship of the committee, and no agreement was reached during this matter.

He added that the emergency summit of the mechanism on April 17 decided to form a committee of chairs and chose the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, and this decision remains valid even after the expansion of the committee by adding the Prime Minister of Ethiopia.

Khartoum believes that Salva Kiir Mayardit is most appropriate to head the committee in accordance with that decision, and for his role in reaching the “Juba” peace agreement in Sudan.

The head of the Sovereignty Council notified Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan Officially, the head of the current session of IGAD, supported his country’s position, affirming support for its initiative aimed at finding possible solutions for peace in Sudan.

Sudan’s sovereignty

A statement by the Sovereignty Council led by Al-Burhan said that Kenya is a “non-neutral party” in the crisis that has beset their country since mid-April. Khartoum stated that the statements of senior Kenyan officials and the behavior of its government adopt the positions of the Rapid Support Forces, and that it harbors its members and provides them with various types of support.

The diplomatic source told Al-Jazeera Net that the Kenyan government, through its president and foreign minister, expressed after the outbreak of the crisis positions that represent a diminution of Sudan’s sovereignty and interference in its private affairs.

He said that the Kenyan government, without consulting with Sudan and without any authorization from any international or regional party, arranged special meetings for the Sudanese crisis with the participation of Sudanese and foreign personalities, and issued positions from these meetings that included a degree of guardianship over Sudan, and lack of respect for the institutionalization of IGAD, which was Khartoum at the time. its president, according to the source.

IGAD systems and customs

During the IGAD summit, which was held on Monday, June 12, and hosted by Djibouti, it was announced that a quartet committee would be formed, headed by Kenya and South Sudan, with the membership of Ethiopia and Somalia. To solve the crisis in Sudan.

The diplomatic source says, “It is customary for IGAD decisions on such issues to be taken by consensus, and there is no consensus on this matter,” stressing that Sudan clearly expressed its rejection of Kenya’s presidency of the committee, and this approach appeared after that in the draft final statement that was prepared after the conclusion of the committee. the top.

The diplomatic source described Al-Jazeera Net’s insistence on this as a strange matter, which represents a departure from the systems and customs of IGAD and the idea of ​​collective action among its countries, and said, “IGAD is an organization for governments that represent the sovereignty of member states, and expresses the will of these governments, and therefore it cannot be imposed on any of them.” Something she does not agree with, especially if it relates to an internal matter that concerns her.”

close relationships

On the other hand, a Sudanese military source told Al-Jazeera Net that Khartoum’s reservations regarding Kenya’s presidency of the mechanism relate to the close relations and connection between Kenyan President William Ruto and the Rapid Support Commander, Lieutenant General Muhammad Hamdan “Hamidti”, who visited Nairobi last January, and Kenya announced at the time Its support for the framework agreement signed between the Sudanese military and civilian parties.

For his part, the diplomatic source said, “When the rebel Rapid Support Forces attacked the Kenyan embassy last month, the Nairobi government did not issue any indication about the matter.”

In the same context, a source in IGAD told Al Jazeera Net that Kenyan President William Ruto initiated mediation to attend the RSF Commander’s advisor to the organization’s summit that took place last Monday, but the movements of the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs prevented that.

Dispute resolution opportunities

And the regional organization that mediates to resolve the conflict between the army and Rapid Support in Sudan, 6 countries of which live in conflicts and suffer from political instability, which weakens their chances of finding a solution to the Sudanese crisis, according to Professor of International Relations Rashid Muhammad Ali in his interview with Al Jazeera Net.

Ali said that Sudan could take a position rejecting the IGAD initiative, but that would put it in the area of ​​additional pressure on its armed forces in terms of the fact that diplomatic efforts did not achieve any degree of success, as a result of the internal political conflict.

Regarding the outcomes of the IGAD summit, Ali believes that the organization’s efforts are incomplete, and this is not limited to Sudan’s refusal to lead Kenya, but rather to the initiative’s lack of the necessary political force to resolve the crisis, in addition to the intersection of regional interests that do not work to end the war, but rather to achieve a temporary peace.

The analyst said that Sudan should look for a major external penetration in the regional arena, expecting to increase the degree of use of force in the field to achieve political victories.

FILE PHOTO: Kenya's President William Samoei Ruto speaks during a news briefing to announce a 50% reduction of interest rate on Safaricom's overdraft service (Fuliza)in Nairobi Kenya, September 28, 2022. REUTERS/Monicah Mwangi/File Photo
Kenyan President William Ruto has a strong relationship with the Sudanese Rapid Support Commander (Reuters)

Hamidti and Roto

And Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, during a phone call to the head of the current session of IGAD, President of Djibouti Omar Gili, had accused Kenya of harboring leaders of the Rapid Support Forces. The diplomatic source told Al-Jazeera Net that Nairobi “represents an important center for the movements of the rebel Rapid Support Forces.”

Recently, with news circulating about the presence of the Rapid Support Commander in one of the neighboring countries, the matter was linked – according to military sources – to some countries, most notably Kenya, given the relationship between its president and Hamidti.

In return, he said Ezzat Al-Mahry The political advisor to the Rapid Support Commander – to Al Jazeera Net – that Kenya is supportive of the democratic transition in Sudan, and does not provide special support for Rapid Support, nor is there any support leader on its lands, and their visit to it comes within the framework of the search for a solution.

Al-Mahri denied what was reported about the presence of the commander of the Rapid Support Forces, Muhammad Hamdan “Hamidti” in Kenya, and said that “he is in the field among his forces, and whoever wants to verify this must meet him in the streets of Khartoum and its outskirts,” noting that they remain accusations of evading the payment of peace entitlements. , According to him.


Source link

Military and diplomatic sources talk to Al-Jazeera Net about the backgrounds of Sudan’s refusal of Kenya’s presidency of IGAD

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to top