Towards a national project to build a democratic civil state in Sudan

The Sudanese revolution – whose slogan was “Freedom…Peace…and Justice”- The contents and meanings of equal citizenship, so that every individual, regardless of his political, religious or tribal affiliation, can live in dignity in his homeland.

And since the concept of citizenship is based on rights and duties based on a state of democratic civil institutions, one of the goals of the revolutionaries, male and female, was to reform the military and build a democratic civil society. However, political wrangling and the search for military incubators by civil currents led to the militarization of the political and economic space, and contributed to the rebellion of a faction affiliated with the forces. armed.

It is true that the Rapid Support Forces, formerly known as the Janjaweed, were created by the regime of former President Omar al-Bashir, but the economic and political expansion and development of these forces occurred rapidly during the transitional period of the government of the forces of freedom and change (the insolence) affiliated with the revolution.

The biggest challenge now is presenting theses after this bloody conflict, and dealing with the roots and repercussions of the crisis and its consequences, and this requires deep thinking about the post-war period and defeating the Rapid Support militia, and how we can contribute to shaping the future of the country in a way that preserves the unity of its entity and spares bloodshed His people and the achievement of a comprehensive and just peace in all its quarters, the peace that he possesses and benefits from the vast majority of the victims who are still in the camps of displacement and asylum.

There is no doubt that the great and devastating political failure of those who confronted the administration of the transitional period was the biggest cause of the resulting death, destruction, economic collapse, and political and social fragmentation, which deepened the failure of the Sudanese state, disrupted its institutions, and exposed the country to unprecedented penetration by greedy people.

That is why people of opinion and thought must unite in a collective effort with a wide horizon and a sincere national will, to contribute to shaping the political and strategic landscape of the country in a way that avoids the pitfalls that led to this crisis and to this great collapse of institutions and waste of capabilities and resources.

The priority comes to arranging the civilian home that has been hijacked by groups that lack the capacity and the moral compass, and this in turn requires a vanguard that dedicates itself to addressing the tasks of advanced and insightful strategic planning devoid of purpose and political polarization, and taking the general national interest as a guide and guide in any discussion of future options and plans to lay the foundations of freedom Justice and a sound democratic building, and this vanguard is inclusive of all spectrums, sectors and groups of society, presenting its ideas and proposals away from personalization, paralysis and narrow fanaticism that have provided the country with sources of failure and destruction.

The priority here is to stand up to the suspicious attempts to reproduce the same groups and personalities that made failure and snatched defeat from the jaw of our great people’s victory, and are responsible for the current destruction under glamorous slogans about peace and rejection of war, and to confront them with a serious national move by loyal patriots who are not involved in the bitter experiences of failure and who Other than those who are greedy for spoils and narrow interests at the expense of the people and the revolution.

Realizing and aware of this great challenge, we now call for the establishment of a broad national movement that takes on the tasks of this stage and undertakes the duty to put forward a national vision for a real national alternative for the coming period, away from any partisan aspirations or authoritarian aspirations, and away from any dependence on the outside in which the forces of failure and polarization have fallen.

The priority is to present a vision of how to build a democratic civil authority that is accepted by the people and is not dependent on the militias and the foreign authoritarian powers that support it for the purpose of enslavement and plunder and mortgage the future of the country to specific interests, and this current possesses the competence, integrity and determination to accomplish the tasks of the stage without complacency or narrow bias.

Sudan today is infiltrated in an unprecedented manner, as there are 19 thousand voluntary organizations operating in it, two thousand of which are national organizations, the expenditure of these organizations is equivalent to 1.5 billion dollars, and there are 13 organizations affiliated with the United Nations

Among the tasks of the following stage:

Build a strong national army

The national army is the lever and the backbone of the state. There are distortions in the system of the armed forces as a result of its interference in political affairs and the use of militias in its internal wars.

The Janjaweed militia has evolved from a militia aiming at killing and plundering into a force that has international relations and security cooperation with the Zionist entity. It now controls the country’s resources and monopolizes rentier resources, export and import of strategic goods. The wealth of RSF and its leader is estimated at 10 to 13 billion dollars.

One of the critical mistakes under the insolent government headed by Abdallah Hamdok was the appointment of the Rapid Support Commander as head of the Economic Emergency Committee, who in turn established a portfolio to import basic commodities with a profit margin rate of up to 20% of the cost, which resulted in his wealth inflating exponentially during the period of Hamdok’s government. The size of its military force doubled to 118 thousand soldiers, while during the era of the defunct regime it was estimated at 18 to 20 thousand armed men.

The transitional period was an opportunity for the Rapid Support Forces to build an economic arsenal, and therefore the dismantling of its economic arsenal is as important as the dismantling of its military structure.

It goes without saying that there are forces belonging to the other armed movements waiting to be absorbed into the armed forces. All armed formations must be merged and demobilized on the recognized international bases, which include merging sectors of them into the national armed forces and other security agencies in a manner that also takes into account the public interest of the affected sectors, and not Only the interests of certain party or regional parties.

The task of building the armed forces on professional foundations far from political change must be carried out, and the current leadership must step down and new leaders must be given the opportunity to carry out the necessary reforms.

Addressing humanitarian missions

According to the International Organization for Migration of the United Nations, the number of people displaced inside Sudan as a result of the ongoing fighting so far is 700,000 people, and we should not forget that there was a displacement before these events in Darfur estimated at 3 million and 200 thousand people, and there is also a displacement in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

Therefore, it is necessary to deliver aid, provide security, stop all violations, and provide supply chains through coordination with neighboring countries and the international community. The return of the displaced to their regions and cities will be among the priorities and tasks of the transitional government, and addressing humanitarian tasks has become an urgent necessity for Sudan and neighboring countries, especially Egypt.

economic reform

The state has begun to carry out reforms that were thwarted by the weakness of the government of Abdallah Hamdok, and the priority now must be given to rehabilitating the agricultural sector and lifting restrictions on it, creating industrial clusters around agricultural areas, developing and encouraging small industries, developing the banking sector, and directing extracts from rentier resources to the development of the education sectors. And health, and the state must monopolize the export of gum arabic and protect producers.

Transitional Justice

Impunity is a feature of Sudanese politics, and the result is the recurrence of the same tragedies. What happened in southern Sudan was repeated in an even more horrific way in Darfur and is being repeated today in the country’s capital. It is necessary to build justice institutions that operate according to the highest international standards, in which there is a separation of powers, and they operate professionally without Politicization, and help the state and society to implement transitional justice away from healing and revenge. Through these institutions, the funds looted during the era of rescue and the transitional period are recovered, and war criminals in Darfur and Khartoum are prosecuted. Principles of justice must be inculcated on rational grounds away from extremism and polarization.

Restoration of foreign relations

Sudan today is infiltrated in an unprecedented manner. There are 19,000 voluntary organizations operating in Sudan, two thousand of which are national organizations. The disbursement of these organizations is equivalent to $1.5 billion, and there are 13 of them affiliated with the United Nations.

The activities of these organizations must be limited and their work legalized in areas of development, not as political tools to shape the political scene away from tutelage, and the country’s foreign relations with the countries of the region, international institutions and all countries of the world must be restored so that the country’s sovereignty and the interests of the people of Sudan are respected.

Blatant interference in the country’s affairs must also be rejected, and this may require revisions of some existing agreements in a way that serves the public interest and helps achieve tangible gains in the areas of development, economic prosperity, and support for the weakest and most affected groups.

Let us, then, think wisely and impartially about the future away from shortsighted factional thinking, in the hope that our youth will be part of the scene and an active and creative contributor to shaping the new life of the future Sudan and hope, which is taking shape before our eyes.

There should be an opportunity for new blood to represent the affected groups in all parts of Sudan, including Darfur and eastern Sudan, without being limited to conflict areas alone, and away from the current leaders and elites who bear responsibility for the current destruction and bear responsibility for failure and collapse.

We must have hope and confidence in the ability of this people and its youth to build a Sudan of peace, freedom and justice. Without this hope, we will slip into the trap of nihilistic and unreasonable thinking, and a defeatist spirit that impedes creative thinking about building a bright future, and this is what we learned from the youth of the revolution, their sacrifices and their literature, and this Hope is embodied in one of the slogans of the revolution, the slogan “Hanbanihu”.

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