What is the normal color of urine? And what does it mean to change it to yellow, red and other colors?


Urine has been a useful diagnostic tool since the early days of medicine, as it can tell us a lot about what’s going on in the body, from how hydrated it is to whether it has a urinary tract infection.

In this report, we give you an answer about what the color of urine means for your health.

normal urine color

Urine is a mixture of water and the electrolyte The waste that the kidneys filter out of the blood, according to urologist Dr. Petar Bagic, from “Cleveland Clinic(Cleveland Clinic).

When you are healthy and hydrated, your urine should be colorless to light straw or light yellow. When you don’t consume enough fluids, your urine becomes more concentrated and turns dark yellow or amber.

Dr. Bagic says: “It is completely normal for the color of urine to change slightly day after day… but it should remain within a certain range of yellow.”

What does urine color indicate?

The color of urine may indicate the following:

Clear or colorless urine

This means that the person drinks a lot of water. Your body needs water to stay hydrated and function properly. The basic rule is to aim to drink about two liters of fluids per day to keep your kidney system running at peak efficiency.

Increasing this number of liters can make urine appear transparent.

And the occasional clear, clear urine is not a big deal. But if it’s a persistent problem, it may lower your salt and electrolyte levels below what your body needs.

Clear or colorless urine, but without drinking a lot of water

What if your urine was clear and you weren’t drinking much water?

This may indicate an underlying kidney problem or diabetes. In this case, it is best to see a doctor for answers.

Yellow or straw colored urine

Urine that falls into the pale yellow category indicates that you’re healthy and hydrated, Dr. Bagic says. This yellowish color is caused by a pigment called urochrome that your body produces.

The color of the urine is amber, dark yellow or dark honey

This means that the person is mildly dehydrated. And your body is telling you to drink some water, says Dr. Bagic.

A dark color is a sign of mild dehydration. Basically, your urine is a more concentrated mixture due to the lower fluid level in your diet than required. This can happen if you’re sweating outside on a hot day or just finished working out.

Therefore, re-hydrate your body by drinking water so that the color returns to normal.

Brown or dark urine

Brown urine means that you are becoming more dehydrated, so you should get fluids as soon as possible.

The dark brown color may also be caused by bile getting into the urine, which is a sign of liver disease. Brown urine is also a symptom of porphyria, a rare disorder of the skin and nervous system.

If rehydration doesn’t lighten the color of your urine, see your doctor.

Pink, red, or reddish urine

The reason behind this may be food, such as eating beets or blueberries.

If you don’t eat something like this, there may be cause for concern. Pink or reddish urine may be a sign of:

  • blood in the urine
  • kidney disease;
  • Kidney or bladder cancer.
  • kidney stones.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Prostate problems.
  • Lead or mercury poisoning.

Contact your doctor as soon as possible if the color does not return to yellow.

orange urine color

You may not be drinking enough water if your urine looks orange, or you may have a disease of the liver or bile ducts. Or the reason may be eating food that contains dye or medicines.

Rehydrate first, then call your doctor if the orange color doesn’t go away.

Blue, green, or purple urine

Most likely, this is the result of something you ate or a medication, says Dr. Bajic. However, a rare genetic disease can cause urine to turn blue or green. The same for some bacteria that can infect the urinary tract.

A pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial infection can cause urine to turn blue, green, or even purple.

This blue or green color can be caused by a condition called familial benign hypercalcemia. Low to moderate levels of calcium in your urine may appear discolored when you have this condition, according to the website Healthline.

See your doctor if you continue to urinate this color.

cloudy urine

Urinary tract infections and kidney stones can cause cloudy urine.

Again, dehydration may also be the cause. Drink plenty of water, and contact your doctor if symptoms persist.

urine that contains foam

If you urinate forcefully, for example, you may notice foam. This is normal as a result of urine flow.

However, foam can also indicate excess protein in your diet or a kidney problem. See a doctor if this happens frequently.

Black urine color for pregnant women

Pregnant women should see a doctor quickly if the color of urine becomes dark black with a strong smell, or when they feel very thirsty and rarely urinate, according to Dr. Faten Al-Taher from Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar.

Dr. Faten says that these signs indicate dehydration, and may make the pregnant woman more vulnerable to urinary tract infection or any other complications.

This came in a statement issued by the Corporation under the title “Hamad Medical Corporation advises pregnant and lactating women to take the necessary precautions while fasting.”

The statement says that Hamad Foundation experts advise women who suffer from pregnancy complications and difficulties, such as diabetes, high blood pressure or anemia, to avoid fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. They also advise nursing mothers to conduct comprehensive health check-ups for themselves and their infants before fasting.

The color of the urine is white or milky

Cloudy or milky urine is a sign of a urinary tract infection, which may also cause a foul odor. Milky urine may also result from bacteria, crystals, fat, white or red blood cells, or mucus in the urine. of the National Library of Health in the United States.

The color of urine determines the amount of water to drink

advise Qatar Ministry of Public Health Pay attention to the color of a person’s urine, because it indicates the amount of water the body needs.

The ministry says that if the color of the urine is dark, water should be drunk immediately, but if the color of the urine is medium yellow, then it is advised to drink more water.

But if the color of the urine is light, the Ministry advises to continue drinking water.

The body loses a large amount of fluids during the summer, especially in areas with high temperatures, which may expose a person to the risks of dehydration and heatstroke if the necessary precautions are not taken.

Source : Al Jazeera + agencies + Websites + Healthline


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What is the normal color of urine? And what does it mean to change it to yellow, red and other colors?

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